Greywater Fact Sheet-City of Santa Barbara

Graywater Fact Sheet
 
Based on 2016 California Plumbing
Code Chapter 15
 
Community
Development&
PublicWorks
Departments
 
630 Garden Street
805-564-5485
805-564-5460
 
There is keen interest on the part of many Santa Barbara citizens in re-using household washwater
for irrigation. This practice can save water and offer many other ecological benefits. Santa Barbara
is a world leader in graywater innovation and policy. The rules below are based on the graywater
section of the California Plumbing Code, which was inspired in large part by the experience and
suggestions from Santa Barbara residents.
 
General Rules
• Kitchen sink, toilets, and diaper-soiled water are not included in the definition of
graywater (It may be possible to reuse water from these sources but this would be
governed by wastewater, not graywater codes).
• No ponding, spray, or exposed runoff of graywater is allowed.
• All systems must have an air-gap or suitable backflow prevention to protect the
potable water system.
• Not for root crops or edible portions of food crops.
 
Laundry to Landscape System:
Clothes washer only (Laundry to Landscape) systems DO NOT require a City building permit;
however, eleven conditions apply to this type of system:
1. The design shall allow the user to direct the flow to the irrigation or disposal field or
the building sewer. The direction control of the graywater shall be clearly labeled and readily
accessible to the user.
2. The installation, change, alteration or repair of the system does not include a potable
water connection or a pump (other than the washer pump) and does not affect other
building, plumbing, electrical or mechanical components including structural features,
egress, fire-life safety, sanitation, potable water supply piping or accessibility.
3. The graywater shall be contained on the site where it is generated.
4. Graywater shall be directed to and contained within an irrigation or disposal field. (Note:
mulch basins are an acceptable type of disposal field.)
5. Ponding or runoff is prohibited and shall be considered a nuisance.
6. Graywater may be released above the ground surface provided at least two (2) inches
(51 mm) of mulch, rock, or soil, or a solid shield covers the release point. Other
methods which provide equivalent separation are also acceptable.
7. Graywater systems shall be designed to minimize contact with humans and domestic pets.
8. Water used to wash diapers or similarly soiled or infectious garments shall not be used
and shall be diverted to the building sewer.
9. Graywater shall not contain hazardous chemicals derived from activities such as cleaning
car parts, washing greasy or oily rags, or disposing of waste solutions from home photo labs
or similar hobbyist or home occupational activities.
10.Exemption from construction permit requirements of this code shall not be deemed to
grant authorization for any graywater system to be installed in a manner that violates
other provisions of this code or any other laws or ordinances of the Enforcing Agency.
11.An operation and maintenance manual shall be provided. Directions shall indicate the
manual is to remain with the building throughout the life of the system and indicate that upon
change of ownership or occupancy, the new owner or tenant shall be notified the structure
contains a graywater system.
 
For sample plans for a Laundry to Landscape system, visit www.SantaBarbaraCA.gov/Graywater
 
Elements of a Laundry to Landscape Graywater System
 
Drawing used with permission from OasisDesign.net
 
Simple System:
A simple system is defined as up to 250 gallons per day (gpd) of discharge, not including a
clothes washer system, and is also called “Shower to Flowers.” Simple systems DO NOT
require a permit, instead, simply register them for free with the City, please see our “Simple
 
Complex System:
A complex system is defined as over 250 gpd of discharge. These systems DO require a permit
and all other aspects of the code apply. Please see our “Guide to Permitting a Single Family